This working paper enhances focus on the gender componant of AMR reserach and practice
Access the report
2019 guidence on effective AMR communication for researchers and practitioners, allowing the public to understand and support action on drug-resistant infections.
Access the report
2016 report detailing global recommendations for managing drug-resistant infections.
Access the report
IACG report to the secretary general of the United Nations 2019.
Access the report
The global action plan to tackle antimicrobial resistance endorsed at the 68th World Health Assembly in May 2015.
Access the report
As part of implementation of objective 1 of the global action plan on antimicrobial resistance, WHO is coordinating a global campaign to raise awareness and encourage best practices among the public, policymakers, health and agriculture professionals. This survey provides a snapshot of current public awareness and common behaviours related to antibiotics in a range of countries.
Access the report
Worldwide action to control AMR gained a historic boost at the UNGA on 21 September 2016. There, for the first time, UN member states unanimously ommitted to taking a collaborative and holistic approach to tackling AMR, but what action has occured since?
Access the report
This monitoring and evaluation (M&E) framework of the global action plan on antimicrobial resistance was developed by the tripartitie allience in consultation and collaboration with diverse national and international partners and experts, including the WHO Strategic and Technical Advisory Group on antimicrobial resistance.
Access the report
The AMR Dictionary s based upon an idea by Associate Professor Direk Limmathurotsakul, Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit and Department of Tropical Hygiene, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Thailand. It uses content generated from multiple sources and translated by researchers, healthcare workers and networks in each country. This resource is available to download in multiple languages and designed to explain all aspects of AMR to lay-audiences in accessible, jargon-free language.
This handbook is intended to guide implementation of NAPs on AMR in the human health sector following a six-step continuous process. This includes functions of the human health sector within multi-sectoral governance to ensure a well-coordinated approach to sustainable NAP implementation.


Glossary of Antimicrobial Resistance from the infectious diseases hub.

Human Health

Murray et al 2022. Global Burden of Bacterial Antimicrobial Resistance in 2019: a Systematic Analysis. The Lancet. Volume 399. Issue 10325, 629-655 

Khan, S. et al. 2019.  ‘LMICs as reservoirs of AMR’: a comparative analysis of policy discourse on antimicrobial resistance with reference to Pakistan, Health Policy and Planning, 34, 3,  178–187,

Ahmad and Khan. (2019). Global economic impact of antibiotic resistance: A review. The Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance.

Animal Health 

Pearson, M. and Chandler, C. (2019) Knowing antimicrobial resistance in practice: a multi-country qualitative study with human and animal healthcare professionals, Global Health Action, 12:sup1, 1599560, DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2019.1599560 

Mohsin M et al. (2019) Excessive use of medically important antimicrobials in food animals in Pakistan: a five-year surveillance survey, Global Health Action, 12:sup1, 1697541, DOI:10.1080/16549716.2019.1697541 

Hosain, M. L et al. (2021). Antimicrobial uses for livestock production in developing countries. Veterinary world14(1), 210–221.

Kalam, M.A et al (2022). Knowledge, Attitudes, and Common Practices of Livestock and Poultry Veterinary Practitioners Regarding the AMU and AMR in Bangladesh. Antibiotics, 11, 80. 

Environmental Health

Stanton, I. et al. (2022) Existing evidence on antibiotic resistance exposure and transmission to humans from the environment: a systematic map. Environ Evid 11. 

Quincey, D et al. (2022) High concentrations of pharmaceuticals emerging as a threat to Himalayan water sustainability. Environ Sci Pollut Res 29, 16749–16757 .

Iossa, G. and White, P. (2021), Improving the dialogue between public health and ecosystem science on antimicrobial resistance. Oikos, 130: 1251- 1256.